King Charles Spaniel

The King Charles Spaniel (English Toy Spaniel) is a dog breed of small Spaniel type. The similar Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a different breed. The Cavalier is slightly larger, has a flat head and a longer nose, while the "Charlie" is smaller, has a domed head and flat face.

The English Toy Spaniel is a compact, cobby and essentially square toy dog possessed of a short-nosed, domed head, a merry and affectionate demeanor and a silky, flowing coat. The ears of the King Charles Spaniel are very long and set low and close to the head, fringed with heavy feathering. (NB: the two pictures on this wikipedia entry are incorrectly identified as King Charles (English Toy) Spaniels. They are actually BOTH Cavalier King Charles Spaniels.

Like its larger cousin, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, the King Charles Spaniel has a silky, often slightly wavy coat. It tends to be shorter than that of Cavaliers.

This dog breed also comes in the same color varieties as the Cavalier: Blenheim (brown-and-white), Prince Charles (tricolor), King Charles (black-and-tan), and Ruby (solid red). Originally, each of these color patterns was regarded as a separate breed, but in the late 1800s the four varieties were consolidated into a single breed.

The King Charles Spaniel may have health problems such as heart defects (mitral valve disease, or MVD, is endemic in this breed as well as Cavalier King Charles Spaniels), eye problems, patellar luxation (kneecap slipping) and fused toes, which can cause incorrectly grown toenails. They are also one of the breeds identified with an incidence of the potentially serious neurological condition syringomyelia and have a significant occurrence of hydrocephalus. They tend to live 10 to 12 years.

The King Charles Spaniel and the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel have similar health issues. See the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel health section for more information.

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