American Eskimo Dog

The American Eskimo Dog is a small to medium sized breed of dogs of the Spitz type, originating in Germany. Originally the Standard German Spitz. Its closest relatives are the other German spitzes such as the Pomeranian. The American Eskimo Dog is a house dog, companion, and watch dog.

American Eskimo Dog Appearance

The American Eskimo Dog is built along classic Nordic lines, a form that has proved effective at pulling heavy loads through snow and ice. It is compactly built, slightly longer than tall. The stand-off, double coat resists soaking and provides insulation against the cold. The small thick ears are also cold-resistant. The breed's smaller size has moved it from the realm of sled dog, but it remains a sled dog in miniature. The American Eskimo Dog stands furry with erect ears and a long tail curling over its back.

There are three separate size divisions in the American Eskimo Dog breed recognized by the American Kennel Club and the Canadian Kennel Club.

  • Toy, 9–12 in (23–30 cm) at the withers
  • Miniature, 12–15 in (30–38 cm)
  • Standard, 15–19 in (38–48 cm)
Dogs over 19 inches or under 9 inches are disqualified at breed shows in the US and Canada, in order to discourage the breeding of oversize or excessively small dogs. The United Kennel Club in the US does not recognize the Toy variety.

American Eskimo Dog Temperament

American Eskimo Dogs along with other Spitz were bred to be house dogs and companion dogs, and thrive on being a part of a human family. The American Eskimo Dog is highly intelligent, eager to please, very active, has lots of energy, and moderately independent. At home, these lively dogs make excellent watchdogs, barking to announce the presence of strangers. The American Eskimo Dog can be protective of its home and family, but in general they will not threaten to attack or bite a person unless provoked. As with all dogs, behavior is partially inherited and partially trained. Some dogs are prone to excessive barking and separation anxiety. It is important for puppy buyers to research pedigrees as temperament may vary due to inheritance.

American Eskimo Dog Health

Health testing should be performed by all responsible breeders and anyone purchasing a puppy should be aware of the genetic problems which have been found in some individuals of the breed, such as PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy), luxating patella, and hip dysplasia. None of these are common and the breed is generally healthy.

In addition to the problems above, the dog breed can have a tendency towards allergies and tear-staining, and the propensity towards these traits is inherited.

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